vendredi 27 juin 2014

Paintings Of Pieter Bruegel The Elder

By Darren Hartley

Pieter Bruegel the Elder was astonishingly independent of the dominant artistic interests during his time, despite his taking the requisite journey to Italy for purposes of study. He deliberately revived the late Gothic style of Hieronymus Bosch as the point of departure from Italian mannerism for his own highly complex and original art.

While Karel van Mander, a Dutch biographer, claims that Netherlandish painter Pieter Bruegel the Elder was born in a town of the same name near Breda, most recent authorities follow the Italian writer Guicciardini in designating Breda itself as the birthplace of Pieter. It is inferred that Pieter was born between 1525 and 1530 on the basis of the fact that Pieter entered the guild of Antwerp painters in 1551.

By way of the Alps, Pieter Bruegel the Elder returned to Antwerp around 1555. This return resulted to a number of exquisite drawings of mountain landscapes. Forming the basis for many of his later paintings, these sketches were not records of actual places but composites made for the investigation of the organic life in forms of nature.

In the series Seven Deadly Sins, Pieter Bruegel the Elder achieved a truly creative synthesis of the demonic symbolism of Hieronymus Bosch with his own personal vision of human folly and depravity. This was very unlikely of any of his Antwerp contemporaries.

Forming the body of the early encyclopedic works of Pieter Bruegel the Elder were the 1559 painting of the Netherlandish Proverbs and the 1560 highly involved artwork of Children's Games. They have been considered as allegories of a foolish and sinful world, despite their superficial gaiety.

The two most phantasmagoric works of Pieter Bruegel the Elder, the Dulle Griet and the Triumph of Death were related in conception to his encyclopaedic paintings. Both paintings were presumed to have been executed in 1562. The Tower of Babel of 1563 was the last of the great figurative anthologies by Pieter.

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