mardi 9 décembre 2014

Basic Overview Of The Igbo Culture

By Claudine Hodges

The main occupation of Igbo - manual shifting cultivation (yam, cassava, maize, vegetables, etc., In areas of Onitsha and Owerri and rice). Basic tools - hoe and several kinds of knives. In southern main crop is oil palm (mainly export oil exported from the region of Owerri). Advanced logging, the most valuable of its rocks are exported. Igbos are also involved in fishing, trade, collecting wild fruits breadfruit and other trees, berries, herbs and plants (Igbo culture).

Most Igbos groups lived, like their neighbors in egalitarian, largely democratic social structures: in autonomous settlements without a central authority, each extended family for himself as an independent unit under the leadership of one or a family elders. The affairs of village community were decided by a council of elders, composed of both men and women.

Traditional settlement consists of large number of households, separated (sometimes quite far away) from each other. Households are combined into large settlements to 8 thousand. Residents. In some areas with high population density settlements stretch for many kilometers. Household consists of few huts and surrounded by an earthen wall. Number of huts depends on the number of family members and solvency of host.

It has been argued that the ancestors of Igbos the majority of their neighbors belonging to a group of proto-qua, came from the area of African Great Lakes and Mountains of Moon in East and Central Africa, through the savannah, the site of which is now dominated by the Sahara. Desertification has forced people to migrate further south and north to confluence of Niger and Benue, where Nok culture developed.

Walls of building or poles which are then coated with clay or a clay alone. In some parts of exterior walls of homes decorated ornament in form of mosaic of fragments of plates, shells and so on. D. Distributed new type of dwelling - rectangular in plan house with windows and doors. Traditional type - one-undifferentiated building - gives way to multi-chamber. On the site there are outbuildings for storage products.

Igbos (or for, self - "forest dwellers") - the people in south-eastern Nigeria. Number of approx. 26 million people. Speak the language of Igbos, which belongs to Benue-Congo language family Niger-Congo makrosemi. Segodnya most of them speak English, along with Igbos (the result of British colonialism).

Through the activities of missionaries in XIX century Igbos converted to Christianity. Continue to play a role traditional beliefs. Known secret societies: Mmvo (MTO), Ekpe. Ekumeku Society in 1898 - 1911 years resisted the establishment of British colonial administration in region. Igbos Jews - a small part of Nigerian Igbos nation that claims to Jewish roots and professing Judaism. Igbos Jews consider themselves descendants of North African (probably Egyptian) Jews who migrated to west of Africa. Tradition Igbos Jews say that this migration occurred about 1500 years ago.

The most important tuber crops in Africa places of residence of Igbos is yam; celebration in honor of harvest yams are held annually. Other essential crops are cassava and taro. Prior to British colonization Igbos were politically fragmented groups. There were changes in culture, for example, in artistic styles, clothes and religious practice. Subgroups of Igbos formed by belonging to clans leave, to any village or linguistic criteria, such as dialect.

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