jeudi 3 avril 2014

Two Famous Spanish Painters

By Darren Hartley

Joan Miro paintings date back to 1901, when Joan was only 8 years old. Joan Miro i Ferra was a Catalan Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramicist.

The early Joan Miro paintings were a mixture of different trends. There were the pure and brilliant colors of Fauvism. There were the shapes from Cubism. There were the influences from folkloric Catalan art and Roman church frescos.

It was during a trip to Paris in 1921 that Joan Miro paintings started involving Surrealism. Joan Miro paintings followed this up with a keen interest in the object in the form of collages. They also involved experimentations in other artistic forms. These forms included engraving, lithography, water colors, pastels and painting over copper. Two ceramic murals were the highlights of Joan Miro paintings in this period. These are the Wall of the Moon and the Wall of the Sun, both found in the Parisian UNESCO building.

By the end of the 60s, Joan Miro paintings concentrated on monumental and public works. Among their features were body language and freshness, a special attention to material and a stamp of informalism. Their concentration was on the symbol emerging as the piece of work, instead of representing themes. Embodiments of Joan's very eccentric style were how Joan Miro paintings were considered. This style was Joan's unique approach to his artwork.

Contemporary upheavals were reflections of Goya paintings. Important 19th and 20th century painters were influenced by them. A consummate Spanish artist, Francisco De Goya y Lucientes was best known for his multifarious paintings, drawings and engravings.

Known for their scenes of violence, a number of Goya paintings drew inspiration from the French invasion of Spain. Goya's series of etching referred to Disasters of War recorded the horrors of the Napoleonic invasion of Spain.

The Goya paintings of the Naked Maja and the Clothed Maja are considered the masterpieces among the lot. In this lot, charming portraits can also be found including that of Senora Sabasa Garcia.

Goya paintings featured a bold technique. They consisted of haunting etching satires. They reflected the belief that the vision of an artist is far more important than tradition. These qualities contributed to Francisco being touted to be the first of the moderns. Other than this, Goya paintings are considered to mark the beginning of 19th century realism on the basis of their uncompromising portrayal of the times.

Goya paintings that established Francisco's artistic reputation included fresco paintings for the local cathedral, which were done in decorative rococo tradition. The most important period in the artistic development of Goya paintings was 1775-1792 when Francisco painted cartoons for the Madrid royal tapestry factory. The first genre Goya paintings, reflecting scenes from everyday life were done during this period.

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