dimanche 30 mars 2014

A Study Of A Mexican Painter And His Inspiration

By Darren Hartley

Huge wall paintings in fresco are the Diego Rivera paintings. The establishment of the Mexican Mural Renaissance is what they are known for. Three characteristics of Diego Rivera are his being a world famous painter, active communist and husband to Frida Kahlo.

Diego Rivera paintings initially embraced cubism. They shifted towards Post-Impressionism with simple forms and large patches of vivid colors, inspired by the paintings of Paul Cezanne. They began to attract attention and displayed at several exhibitions.

The first significant mural among the Diego Rivera paintings was Creation, experimentally painted in encaustic in 1922. The subsequent murals Diego painted were in fresco only, dealing with Mexican society and reflected the Mexican revolution of 1910.

There was a development of a native style in the Diego Rivera paintings, starting in September, 1922. The basis of this style was large, simplified figures and colors, with a tinge of an Aztec influence.

In The Arsenal, a mural by Diego, is a perfect example of how Diego Rivera paintings tell stories. The mural shows Tina Modotti with an ammunition belt on hand, faced to faced with Julio Antonio Mella, in a light hat. Behind Modotti was Vittorio Vidale, in a black hat. Based on this painting, viewers believed that Diego had knowledge of Vidale's plan to murder Mella.

Detroit Industry, a series of 27 fresco panels, consisted the Diego Rivera paintings between 1932 and 1933. Containing a Vladimir Lenin portrait was a Diego Rivera mural in 1933 entitled Man at the Crossroads. This particular mural was retitled Man, Controller of the Universe, after it was repainted in 1934.

Laying the foundations for the transition from the artistic endeavour conception of the 19th century to a new and radically different work of art of the 20th century were the Cezanne paintings. In short, Cezanne paintings were the bridge between the 19th century Impressionism and the early 20th century Cubism.

Paul Cezanne was often referred to as the Father of Modern Art. He is a French artist and a Post-Impressionist painter. There was a mastery of design, color, composition and draftsmanship present in Cezanne paintings. These featured brushstrokes that are repetitive, sensitive and exploratory. This feature is highly characteristic and clearly recognizable as works by Cezanne.

Planes of color and small brushstrokes, that build up to form complex fields, are signatures of Cezanne paintings. They directly expressed the sensations of an observing eye and abstractions from an observed nature. Paul studied his subjects intensely and this is conveyed in his paintings, which also reflected his searching gaze and struggle to deal with human visual perception complexity.

The development of an ideal synthesis among naturalistic representation, personal expression and abstract pictorial order is the objective of Cezanne paintings. A suggestion of the moody and romantic expressionism of previous generations is the dark tones of the early Cezanne paintings. These tones were applied with heavy and fluid colors.

It was a commitment to contemporary life representations that Cezanne paintings eventually developed into. They became Paul's own observation of the world. They were no longer concerned with either thematic idealization or stylistic affection.

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