vendredi 28 mars 2014

Two Italian Painters Of Renown

By Darren Hartley

Paintings of flowers and fruits consisted the early Caravaggio paintings. They demonstrated an aspect of Caravaggio realism, physical particularity, for which he became famous for. The earliest of Caravaggio paintings was Boy Peeling a Fruit. Other early works include Boy with a Basket of Fruit and Young Sick Bacchus.

An Italian artist active in Rome, Naples, Malta and Sicily, Michelangelo Merisi o Amerighi da Caravaggio painted The Fortune Teller, the first of Caravaggio paintings with more than one figure. Its theme consisted of Mario Minniti, a 16 year old Sicilian artist, being cheated by a Gypsy girl. The theme was quite new for Rome and became immensely influential over the next century and thereafter.

The Cardsharps, an example of the more psychologically complex Caravaggio paintings was considered the first true Caravaggio masterpiece. It featured a boy falling prey to card cheats. Other Caravaggio paintings followed suit, namely, The Musicians, The Lute Player, a tipsy Bacchus and Boy Bitten by a Lizard. These paintings became a center of dispute among scholars and biographers due to the homoerotic ambiance they carried with them.

Returning to realism, Caravaggio paintings centered on religious themes that showed an emergence of remarkable spirituality. Penitent Magdalene, Saint Catherine, Martha and Mary Magdalene, Judith Beheading Holofernes, Sacrifice of Isaac, Saint Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy and Rest on the Flight into Egypt are among these religious paintings.

A celebration of perfection and grace is what Raphael paintings is all about. They carried with them serene and harmonious qualities. An Italian High Renaissance painter and architect was how Raphael Sanzio was known. He formed the traditional trinity of great masters of the period, together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.

The 3 phases and 3 styles to which Raphael paintings fall naturally are Raphael's early years in Umbria, a 4 year period of absorption of the artistic traditions of Florence and his last triumphant but hectic 12 years in Rome.

The technique behind the early Raphael paintings was the application of thick paint, made possible with the use of an oil varnish medium, in shadows and darker garments and the application of thin paint on flesh areas. This technique is very evident in a brilliant self-portrait drawing that showed the precocious talent of Raphael.

The Baronci altarpiece for the church of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino was the first documented work among Raphael paintings. In the following years, Raphael paintings consisted of painted works for other churches. Among these large works, some done in fresco, are the Mond Crucifixion, the Brera Wedding of the Virgin and Oddi Altarpiece.

The Three Graces and St. Michael are examples of small and exquisite cabinet Raphael paintings during the period. In the same period are Raphael paintings showcasing the beginning of his Madonna and portrait paintings.

About the Author:

Aucun commentaire:

Enregistrer un commentaire