samedi 11 janvier 2014

Important Principles On ADHD Dallas Residents May Wish To Know

By Marissa Velazquez

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (or ADHD) is a psychiatric condition characterised by difficulty in controlling behaviour and difficulty in staying focused and paying attention. It is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders which may extend to adolescence and childhood. It is therefore very important to ensure that it is identified early enough and interventions undertaken. A few essential principles on ADHD Dallas residents may be eager to learn are hereby discussed in detail.

The symptoms start by age 6 to 12. Note that he condition can only be correctly diagnosed when these symptoms are present for more than half a year. This is disorder is more common in boys than girls. About thirty to fifty percent of people have the disorder in childhood proceeding to adulthood. Statistics also show that only about two to five percent of affected children have the disease as adults. This means that most children will improve whether or not treatment is undertaken.

In general, there are three broad subtypes of this condition. The classification is based on the pattern of symptomatology. The first type is the combined type. This type has symptoms of both hyperactivity and inattentiveness. The second type, the inattentive type, is characterised by lapses in concentration. It was known as attention deficit disorder in the past. The third type is called the hyperactive-impulsive type which has hyperactivity features but inattentiveness is not seen.

Hyperactive persons may have symptoms such as continuous talking, having trouble doing quiet tasks and be in constant motion. Impulsive persons may are used to interrupting activities or conversations and are usually very impatient. In general, children with this disease have problems with language, speech and motor development in addition to anger management.

Although the causes of the disease have not been clearly elucidated, environmental and genetic factors have been shown to play a crucial role. Areas of the brain associated with lack of focus tend to have scanty tissue in children carrying specific genes linked to this disorder. However, when these children grow up, the affected region of the brain develops into normal size. Regarding environmental factors, studies have shown an association between alcohol drinking and cigarette smoking during pregnancy and this disorder. Other notable factors include exposure to organophosphates and lead, use of certain food additives, premature birth and low birth weight.

There are a number of treatment modalities that ca be used to manage this condition. Commonly, pharmacological agents and psychotherapies are used. These may be used either singly or in combination. Stimulants were a common form of treatment in the past but there use has been strongly discouraged by experts. This is because stimulants have a high tendency for abuse and addiction.

Psychosocial therapy is recommended as first line treatment for preschool or children with less severe symptoms. This form of management entails practically getting involved in major activities a child takes part in such as completing school assignments. Training on social skills may have short term positive effects.

Children with this disorder need direction and understanding from parents, guardians and teachers in order to attain their full potential. Parents are encouraged to motivate such children by recognising their strengths and abilities. Having been equipped with essential information concerning ADHD Dallas residents are better placed in handling victims.

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